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Paul Harley CMIOSH

How to Improve Your Food Hygiene Rating

October 2017

The Food Standard Agency (FSA) has recently announced the mandatory display of food hygiene ratings in England. It follows the successful introduction of legislation in Wales and Northern Ireland that requires companies to clearly display their ratings to consumers, resulting in increased business compliance with hygiene standards and a reduction of ‘poorly compliant’ businesses.

Good food hygiene is essential to any food business. It not only ensures that the food you serve/sell is safe to eat, but it also helps with customer confidence and boosts your reputation.

FSA

The NFU Mutual Food Hygiene Ratings Report found that 44% of people would turn away from a food establishment if it displayed a rating of 3 or less, and a huge 38% of people said that if a favourite food outlet had scored 3 or less, they would stop visiting altogether.

These figures serve as a major wakeup call to businesses up and down the country, especially when aligned with data that shows 80% of people are currently unaware of food hygiene ratings in their favourite food and drink establishments.

1 in 7 businesses currently achieve a score of 3 or below, so the introduction of mandatory display of ratings is likely to cause a ‘stir’ in the food industry in the months to come.

What is the Food Hygiene Rating Scheme (FHRS)?

FHRS


Launched in November 2010, the Food Hygiene Rating Scheme (FHRS) gives customers information on hygiene standards in food establishments, making it easier for them to decide where they want to eat or purchase food.

It also encourages businesses to improve their hygiene standards, thus reducing the risk of food-borne illness. The FHRS is applicable to any establishment supplying food directly to customers, including restaurants, cafes, takeaways, sandwich shops, food retailers, and any other places where people eat food prepared outside of the home.

Businesses are rated between 0-5 based on inspections carried out by local authority food safety officers:

0 - Urgent improvement necessary

1 - Major improvement necessary

2 - Improvement necessary

3 - Generally satisfactory

4 - Good

5 - Very good

A certificate and sticker will be presented after the inspection, which as of 2017, must be clearly displayed to customers. Customers are also able to look up hygiene ratings on the Food Standards Agency website.

How to Achieve a Good Food Hygiene Rating

Naturally, customers expect food establishments to have high hygiene standards. All businesses should be able to achieve a level 5 rating by implementing a food management system, such as the FSA’s Safer Food, Better Business.

During the planned inspection, a food safety officer will determine your food hygiene rating based on three key areas. To achieve a high rating, you must be able to demonstrate good practice and compliance with food safety law in all three areas. 

1. Level of (current) compliance with food hygiene and safety procedures

inti0025_keeping_food_safe_pink


This looks at how hygienically food is being handled and covers food preparation, cooking, reheating, cooling and storage.

Inspectors will also look at the control measures in place to prevent cross-contamination, including any allergen-related contamination identified in preparing food specifically for consumers with a food allergy or intolerance.

Things to consider:

  • Staff have good personal hygiene practice, including washing their hands, keeping cuts covered, wearing clean clothes, tying loose hair back or wearing a hat.
  • Food is delivered and stored at the correct temperature and in the correct place - fridge, freezer or dry food cupboard.
  • Raw and ready-to-eat foods are stored and prepared separately to reduce the risk of contamination.
  • Food is cooked or reheated to a temperature of 70°C for 2 minutes, or 75°C for 30 seconds, to destroy bacteria.
  • Fridges and freezers are operating at the correct temperatures to stop bacterial growth.
  • Expiry dates are clearly labelled and the food is not used (or sold) past this point.

2. Level of (current) compliance with structural requirements

inti0024_work_area_clean_and_hygienic_aloe


The food safety officer will look at the overall structure of your building, including cleanliness, layout, lighting, ventilation, facilities and control of pests. This also covers water supply, drainage, wash hand basins and waste disposal.

Things to consider:

  • Extractor fans are in proper working order.
  • Equipment is clean, waterproof, free from damage, and moveable for cleaning.
  • Waste is disposed of cleanly and safely.
  • Wash hand basins are easily accessible.
  • Storage rooms are cool, well lit and ventilated.
  • Safe cleaning procedures are established and followed.

3. Confidence in management/control procedures

inti019_personal-responsibility_sky


This section looks at whether your food safety management/control procedures are appropriate and that hazards are correctly identified and controlled. Officers must elicit a judgement on the likelihood that compliance will be maintained in the future.

They will check that procedures are properly documented. The requirement for records and level of documentation will vary between each business, depending on the type of operation being undertaken, the level of controls and the nature and size of the business.

The confidence in management/control procedures score is not based solely on documented procedures and their implementation. Other factors will influence the officer’s judgement such as:

  • The track record of a company, its willingness to act on previous advice and enforcement, and the complaint history.
  • The attitude of the present management towards hygiene and food safety.
  • Hygiene and food safety knowledge, including hazard analysis/HACCP and the control of critical points.
  • Satisfactory food safety management based procedures.

If you have an effective food safety management system, which is understood by the workforce, you should achieve a good standard in the previous areas. If there is room for improvement in any of these three areas, the food safety officer will explain to you what they are and how you can achieve a higher rating.

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